those now in its fold, Alcoholics Anonymous has made the
difference between misery and sobriety, and often the
difference between life and death. A.A. can, of course,
mean just as much to uncounted alcoholics not yet reached.
no society of men and women ever had a more urgent need
for continuous effectiveness and permanent unity. We alcoholics
see that we must work together and hang together, else
most of us will finally die alone.
"12 Traditions" of Alcoholics Anonymous are, we A.A.'s
believe, the best answers that our experience has yet
given to those ever urgent questions, "How can A.A. best
function?" and "How can A.A. best stay whole and so survive?"
the next page, A.A.'s "12 Traditions" are seen in their
so-called "short form," the form in general use today.
This is a condensed version of the original "long form"
A.A. Traditions as first printed in 1946. Because the
"long form" is more explicit and of possible historic
value, it is also reproduced.
- Our common welfare should come first; personal recovery
depends upon A.A. unity.
- For our group purpose there is but one ultimate authority
- a loving God as He may express Himself in our group
conscience. Our leaders are but trusted servants; they
do not govern.
- The only requirement for A.A. membership is a desire
to stop drinking.
- Each group should be autonomous except in matters affecting
other groups or A.A. as a whole.
- Each group has but one primary purpose - to carry the
message to the alcoholic who still suffers.
- An A.A. group ought never endorse, finance or lend the
A.A. name to any related facility or outside enterprise,
lest problems of money, property and prestige divert us
from our primary purpose.
- Every A.A. group ought to be fully self-supporting,
declining outside contributions.
-Alcoholics Anonymous should remain forever nonprofessional,
but our service centers may employ special workers.
- A.A., as such, ought never be organized; but we may
create service boards or committees directly responsible
to those they serve.
- Alcoholics Anonymous has no opinion on outside issues;
hence the A.A. name ought never be drawn into public controversy.
- Our public relations policy is based on attraction rather
than promotion; we need always maintain personal anonymity
at the level of press, radio and films.
- Anonymity is the spiritual foundation of all our traditions,
ever reminding us to place principles before personalities.
(The Long Form)
A.A. experience has taught us that:
Each member of Alcoholics Anonymous is but a small part
of a great whole. A.A. must continue to live or most of
us will surely die. Hence our common welfare comes first.
But individual welfare follows close afterward.
For our group purpose there is but one ultimate authority
- a loving God as He may express Himself in our group
Our membership ought to include all who suffer from alcoholism.
Hence we may refuse none who wish to recover. Nor ought
A.A. membership ever depend on money or conformity. Any
two or three alcoholics gathered together for sobriety
may call themselves an A.A. group, provided that, as a
group, they have no other affiliation.
With respect to its own affairs, each A.A. group should
be responsible to no other authority other than its own
conscience. But when its plans concern the welfare of
neighboring groups also, those groups ought to be consulted.
And no group, regional committee, or individual should
ever take any action that might greatly affect A.A. as
a whole without conferring with the trustees of the General
Service Board. On such issues our common welfare is paramount.
Each Alcoholics Anonymous group ought to be a spiritual
entity having but one primary purpose - that of carrying
its message to the alcoholic who still suffers.
Problems of money, property, and authority may easily
divert us from our primary spiritual aim. We think, therefore,
that any considerable property of genuine use to A.A.
should be separately incorporated and managed, thus dividing
the material from the spiritual. An A.A. group, as such,
should never go into business. Secondary aids to A.A.
such as clubs or hospitals which require much property
or administration, ought to be incorporated and so set
apart that, if necessary, they can be freely discarded
by the groups. Hence such facilities ought not to use
the A.A. name. Their management should be the sole responsibility
of those people who financially support them. For clubs,
A.A. managers are usually preferred. But hospitals, as
well as other places of recuperation, ought to be well
outside A.A. - and medically supervised. While an A.A.
group may cooperate with anyone, such cooperation ought
never to go so far as affiliation or endorsement, actual
or implied. An A.A. group can bind itself to no one.
The A.A. groups themselves ought to be fully supported
by the voluntary contributions of their own members. We
think that each group should soon achieve this ideal;
that any public solicitation of funds using the name of
Alcoholics Anonymous is highly dangerous whether by groups,
clubs, hospitals, or other outside agencies, that acceptance
of large gifts from any source, or of contributions carrying
any obligation whatever, is unwise. Then too, we view
with much concern those A.A. treasuries which continue,
beyond prudent reserves, to accumulate funds for no stated
A.A. purpose. Experience has often warned us that nothing
can so surely destroy our spiritual heritage as futile
disputes over property, money, and authority.
Alcoholics Anonymous should remain forever nonprofessional.
We define professionalism as the occupation of counseling
alcoholics for fees or hire. But we may employ alcoholics
where they are going to perform those services for which
we might otherwise have to engage nonalcoholics. Such
special services may be well recompensed. But our usual
A.A. "12th Step" work is never to be paid for.
Each A.A. group needs the least possible organization.
Rotating leadership is the best. The small group may elect
its secretary, the large group its rotating committee,
and the groups of a large metropolitan area their central
or intergroup committee, which often employs a full-time
secretary. The trustees of the General Service Board are,
in effect, our A.A. General Service Committee. They are
the custodians of our A.A. Tradition and the receivers
of voluntary A.A. contributions by which we maintain our
A.A. General Service Office in New York. They are authorized
by the groups to handle our overall public relations,
and they guarantee the integrity of our principal newspaper,
the A.A. Grapevine. All such representatives are to be
guided in the spirit of service, for true leaders in A.A.
are but trusted and experienced servants of the whole.
They derive no real authority from their titles; they
do not govern. Universal respect is the key to their usefulness.
No A.A. group or member should ever, in such a way as
to implicate A.A., express any opinion on outside controversial
issues - particularly those of politics, alcohol reform,
or sectarian religion. The Alcoholics Anonymous groups
oppose no one. Concerning such matters they can express
no views whatever.
Our relations with the general public should be characterized
by personal anonymity. We think A.A. should avoid sensational
advertising. Our names and pictures as A.A. members ought
not be broadcast, filmed, or publicly printed. Our public
relations should be guided by the principle of attraction
rather than promotion. There is never need to praise ourselves.
We feel it better that our friends recommend us.
And finally, we of Alcoholics Anonymous believe that the
principle of anonymity has an immense spiritual significance.
It reminds us that we are to place principles before personalities;
that we are to practice a genuine humility. This to the
end that our great blessings may never spoil us; that
we shall forever live in thankful contemplation of Him
who presides over us all.