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A Farewell to Alcohol
every three men who try to stop drinking at Butner, two
was late getting to Butner, and they wouldn’t let
me in. The psychiatrist in Winston-Salem had told me to
be here at ten thirty, but he hadn’t made a special
point of it; and I couldn’t see where time made much
difference. I got out of bed at nine o’clock, fixed
a vodka and orange juice, and drank it while reading the
sports pages. I sat for a while by a window, thinking, and
drank another vodka and orange juice. Around eleven, I decided
it was time to go, and I fixed a cup of black coffee and
a vodka and orange juice to drink while I shaved and showered.
I had never been to the Alcoholic Rehabilitation Center
at Butner, or any other institution, and I wasn’t
sure what I would need. Deciding it would be casual, I packed
two bags of sports clothes, my bathing suit, an alarm clock,
a briefcase of writing supplies, an unfinished magazine
article that I was writing, my typewriter, two tennis rackets,
a hundred newspapers that I was supposed to study for a
publisher for $1500, and nine books--Slaughterhouse-Five,
The Crackup by Scott Fitzgerald, Immortal Poems of the English
Language, Diary of a Mad Housewife, People in Quandaries
by Wendell Johnson, Editor and Publisher Yearbook (I have
been a newspaperman), The New American Webster Handy College
Dictionary, The Penal Colony by Kafka, and Romantic Poets
in the Viking Portable edition. I thought that would be
all I would need. I wasn’t sure whether drunks played
tennis, but I would have an extra racket if I found a drunk
got to Butner at one thirty and stopped at a pool hall,
drinking a tall Schlitz while watching three games of eight
ball. I didn’t have a particular feeling that this
beer would be the last one I’d ever drink, but I mused
over it. I got to the Alcoholic Rehabilitation Center around
two fifteen and told the lady who I was. “Bill,”
she said, “you’re late.” “I know
it,” I said. “I’m sorry. I left late.”
“Bill, you’re four hours late.” She was
beginning to annoy me by calling me “Bill”--she
didn’t know me, and I wasn’t a small-time drunk.
“I’m sorry,” I said. “You’ll
have to come back next week”’ she said. “I
can’t take you.” I almost said, ‘The hell
with it, lady”’ but something strong made me
know I had to get into Butner. If I went away, I wouldn’t
come back. “Can I get a motel and get in tomorrow?”
“Bill, you’ll just drink all night, and then
we can’t let you in.” “No, ma’am,
I won’t do that. I really need to get in here."
“Do you have any friends in AA you could spend the
night with?” “No, ma’am.” Finally,
she said that maybe a person -scheduled to report the next
day might cancel out. I could call her in the morning and
see. I went to the liquor store in Creedmoor, bought a fifth
of vodka, and got a motel room beside a muddy pond. I had
a few vodka and Sprites, and filled another one to carry
to an outside phone booth. I hated to do it, but I was going
to call the woman. I told her how much I appreciated her
consideration and that I hoped someone would cancel tomorrow.
I was taking a nap when the motel manager came down and
knocked (the rooms have no phones), and said, “The
lady at ARC said she’ll take you in the morning.”
I dressed, put my vodka in the car, and decided to ride
around Butner. It would be the last chance I would have
to see all of it. Butner was an army camp, near Durham,
North Carolina, during World War II, and now it is a vast
State of North Carolina complex that -includes the John
Umstead Hospital, a huge green-topped structure for mental
patients and bad drunks; a center for youthful offenders;
a farm that the youthful offenders maintain; and the Alcoholic
Rehabilitation Center. The center is one of three in North
Carolina, operated by the State Department of Mental Health.
Across from the hospital, a softball game was going on,
and I saw a black center fielder turn on a fly ball and
take it on the run, almost at the fence. A little later,
the left fielder, white, did almost the same thing. I thought
that these must be the crazy people, because drunks can’t
catch fly balls. I could still hit when I quit playing softball,
but I couldn’t judge a fly ball. I was getting a little
drunk now, and I saw some significance in this--the crazy
people being able to catch the fly balls. I watched until
the game ended at almost dark and drove back to the motel.
I sat in a chair and drank all of the vodka except three
drinks. I wanted to have them in the morning before I went
to the alcoholic center.
woke up sweating and shivering and feeling as if I were
choking. In the old days, drinking a fifth of vodka at night
wouldn’t do this to me, but it does now because I’ve
been drinking a long time. Some of the ice hadn’t
melted, and I thought if I could drink a vodka and Sprite
I would quit sweating and shivering. I drank two and still
felt bad when I stopped at a restaurant. It wasn’t
officially open, but the man and his wife were pleasant.
He said I could have a bowl of Brunswick stew for breakfast,
if I liked that. I ate the Brunswick stew, drinking the
last vodka and Sprite that I had. I did wonder now if this
would be the last drink I would ever have. “You going
to be around a few days?” the restaurant man asked.
"I'm going to ARC,” I said. He hesitated and
said, “Good luck.” I thanked him, finished the
drink, and left the motel glass on his table.
Bill,” the lady at ARC said, “you look a lot
better this morning. I’m glad.” I thanked her
and said, “Yes, ma’am, I feel a lot better today.”
She filled out some forms, asked my income, studied awhile,
and said, “Bill, I’m going to have to charge
you $32 a day.” It was more than I had expected, and
I later learned that many of my fellow patients were paying
$4 a day, some of them $1 a day, but that’s fair enough.
Certainly in a program such as this a man should have to
pay only what he can afford.
bearded young doctor, a good sport, examined me, studying
my retinas, pushing at my-liver, and seeing whether I could
distinguish between sharp and dull objects when they touched
you a wrestler?” he asked.
I thought he meant a well-built college wrestler, and I
felt good; then I thought he meant a professional wrestler
with a big belly. My waistline gradually got bigger as I
escalated to keeping a half-gallon of vodka at home, a half-gallon
in my office, and a half-gallon in the trunk of my car,
in case I got caught away from home or the office. I was
drinking about seven Sprites a day and also eating, which
many alcoholics don’t do. I told him, no, but I had
been a football player. It was a long examination, and I
felt ashamed of being so shaky and wet with perspiration.
But I left the room feeling better because he said, “You
have great lungs.”
was hot outside, and a long way from my car to C Dorm, one
of the three one-story brick buildings where patients live,
about twenty to a dorm. Sweating, I struggled with the two
bags of clothing, the typewriter, the two tennis rackets,
the briefcase, and the hundred newspapers. I had to make
three trips. In the lobby of C Dorm, I saw men and women,
black and white, sitting together in chairs and on a couch,
watching television and playing cards. A beautiful black
woman and a young white man--attendants--put my bags on
a bed and went through them, taking Listerine, Bufferin,
nose drops, and iodine. They would have taken shaving lotion
and hair tonic, but I didn’t have any.
give these back when you leave,” the woman attendant
said. “You should go now and eat with the rest of
am at Butner, then--“with the rest of them”--for
twenty-two days. We include all sorts: Tommy Morgan (I will
not use patients’ real names), who dropped out of
college eighteen months ago because “I was drinking
so much I couldn’t keep up with my studies”;
a bulldozer operator who cannot read or write; a grandmother
who drinks vanilla extract; a young man who writes detective
stories and has written a good book; Tip Watson, who constructed
a whiskey still when he was fourteen, sold its output at
a nearby sawmill, and began drinking it, too; a business
executive’s wife, Julie Wall, who has tried three
times to commit suicide; an accountant, highly articulate;
Mr. Wellington, a church deacon and “secret drinker,”
who lost his job in big industry after thirty-six years
because “I was drinking beer at night and making mistakes
the next morning”; a truck driver who was using amphetamines
and whiskey at the same time; and Mr. Leland, who for years
would get in his boat and go across the river to buy a half-gallon
of moonshine. Mr. Leland’s words are difficult to
understand; he mumbles, batting his eyes steadily, shaking
so much that he can hardly lift a cup of coffee to his mouth.
is, perhaps, only one similarity in us all: none of us thought
he would ever become an alcoholic, but all of us have become
it like being an alcoholic and living with no one but alcoholics?
Would you suppose that a dorm full of drunks (though sober
now) would fight? Quarrel? Sulk? Withdraw? What?
the most considerate, congenial group that I have ever been
a member of. That includes Sunday school classes, football
teams, college fraternities, newspaper city rooms, and cocktail
parties. Men and women hold doors open for others to pass
through; red-neck countrymen sit down at dinner with black
men with Afro haircuts, and they talk, patients see a new
member coming toward the dorm and they go out to help with
the luggage; they help, too, when a patient leaves; constantly,
they inquire about one another’s well-being--“Feeling
better this morning, Mr. Leland?”
what kind of program could be put together to deal with
so disparate a group? Here is the printed schedule, with
asides of my own, that we live by, Monday through Friday:
A.M.--Awakening of patients. (This is no problem because
many patients are up and about by six o’clock, some
as early as three thirty and four. Alcoholics often don’t
sleep well.) Clean bedroom and prepare for breakfast. (We
have other chores, too, divided among us, such as sweeping
the halls and lobby, polishing the drinking fountains, dusting
the furniture, carrying out trash, and taking part in a
mass cleanup on Saturday morning, which includes washing
the big windows in the front of our dorm.)
A.M.--Medicine call. (Each of us is required to take vitamin
pills for the first two weeks. Patients who are in bad shape--sleeplessness,
“nerves,” and high blood pressure seem to be
the most common afflictions--may get medication several
times a day.)
(All meals are big and high in calories, except for those
patients who are put on special diets. Many alcoholics are
undernourished because they quit eating when they start
drinking. A taxi driver in our dorm would drop consistently
from 200 pounds to about 150, at which point he would become
be taken to a hospital.)
meeting. (Patients elect a dorm leader, and he presides
over this meeting. It is attended by both patients and staff
members, offering an opportunity for -suggestions, announcements,
and complaints--from either side.)
call and free time. (Patients who have no need of a doctor
can do as they please. The card game “rook”
is a chief diversion, but there is the choice of watching
television, writing letters, or sitting on benches in front
of the dorm and talking.)
to 10:15--All patients meet in Assembly Room for movie,
lecture, or discussion of various aspects of alcohol.
to 10:30--Free time.
to 11:30--Group therapy with group leader. (Normally, we
have six or seven patients in a group, but the number varies
as old patients depart and new patients arrive.)
P.M. to 4:15--Avocational classes and/or -group therapy
as scheduled. (We have a range of choices, including woodwork,
metalwork, polishing stones, painting, doing woodcuts, or
making pottery. Tip Watson, who has been here several times,
said he hopes to shoot basketball behind the building, if
he’s permitted. “Last time I was here, I worked
in the mud [pottery], and my hands broke all out.“)
(The Friday night fish--I don’t know what kind it
is--stands out as the only unpalatable meal of the week.)
See bulletin board for notice of activities. Free time.
(Musical groups, most of the time guitar pickers and country
singers, come on Thursday evenings; fishing trips are made
to nearby lakes and rivers on Friday afternoons.)
11--Lights out. Bedtime. (Actually, we stay up through TV’s
eleven o’clock news, Sunday through Thursday. On Friday
and Saturday nights, we watch the “Late Show,”
which ends about 1:30 A.M.)
may have visitors from 1 to 4 P.M. on
and Sundays. Attendance is compulsory at meetings arranged
each Friday evening by Alcoholics Anonymous.
our schedule, a full one. But for all of
the formal effort put forth by the staff, there may be equal
therapy in our just being together--so many alcoholics studying
each other. That therapy, which comes at cafeteria tables
and on benches in the sunshine, may be as great as the therapy
provided by counselors and psychologists. You know that
nobody’s trying to con you. You’re not talking
to a doctor who may be trying to scare you about your liver,
or a preacher who is moralizing over you. You’re talking
to a man who’s tried it, and if he says it’s
impossible to drink even half a beer unless you want to
start all over again--well, if he tells you that, you can
believe it. Because he will tell you that he hadn’t
had a drink for nine months and was convinced that he could
drink moderately “like everybody else.” He was
drunk for three months, went into DT’s, got carried
to John Umstead Hospital, and now is with us at ARC. There
are other benefits. One is that it’s-easier to perceive
and understand your own flaws and troubles if you slip up
on them indirectly--see them first in men and women around
you, wonder if yours are similar, and then conclude that
they are. You see alcoholics kidding themselves, and realize
that you’ve been doing the same thing. Another benefit
is simply that there are horror cases around you. You look
each morning at Mr. Leland, mumbling, eye batting, shaking,
and you think, if I don’t stop now, I’ll get
like Mr. Leland.
a negative reason for quitting drinking; a person needs
positive ones, too, and I am discovering them each day.
Physically, I feel better than I have in at least ten years.
I don’t wake up shaking, sweating, hot and cold, coughing,
snuffling, and disoriented. My life in the morning is much
more pleasant than it used to be. Perhaps the biggest reason
is that I don’t wake up frightened, groping to put
together exactly what I had done the night before. This
is common, of course, with alcoholics, and some of them
here have had a lot worse time than I did. One man said
he would get up in the morning and look quickly around the
house to see if he had broken anything. Then he would go
immediately to the garage and circle his car, studying it,
praying not to find that he had hit something or someone
the night before.
own case was never that extreme, but I’ve been told
that it could have become so. I would
try to put together minute pieces of conversations--pieces
that often were of no importance, but the inability to recall
them was frightening. It meant, I must have sensed, that
sooner or later I would not be able to remember the big
I’m enjoying thinking about things while sober. It’s
like finding a new pleasure. An alcoholic with the slightest
degree of introspection wonders all the time-about himself
and about others. Would I have done that if I hadn’t
been drinking? Would I have done it differently? Better?
Am I losing my skills? At least some? If I come down hard
on a point, will people say, ah, hell, he was drunk? Does
anyone know what’s happening to me? Does the owner
of the newspaper? What does he mean, “How’re
you this morning, Bill?”
I was drinking steadily, I found that agonizing. Now, I
feel able to consider an event or comment, good or bad,
in a clear light.
have started writing again--pretty well, I believe. I had
been working on a magazine piece before I left home, and
spending the day drinking vodka and Sprite while I wrote
had finally reduced my daily production to a half-page of
copy. If I had been writing sonnets, that might have been
sufficient, but on a 7000-word piece, it was slow going.
did I become an alcoholic? Why did I need to drink? What’s
being done here to help me? What are my chances of being
able to quit drinking? If I do quit, will I be happy with
my life? (The suicide rate of “recovered alcoholics”
is five times greater than that of the general population,
meaning that many who quit drinking still aren’t happy.)
After drinking for twenty-seven years (very little at first,
increasingly more over the years), if I stop, what will
I seem like to myself and to others? Stodgy? Cautious? Scared?
important that I find answers to those questions, at least
partial answers, and I spend much of each day reflecting.
In arriving at conclusions, I am helped by a number of persons,
one of them Dr. Norman A. Desrosiers, the director of ARC.
He is a man with impressive credentials: he has been a theologian,
medical doctor, and psychiatrist; he built an airplane and
flies it; he built an organ, composes music, and plays it;
he designed a house and now is building it. I give weight
to what he says. And one of the things he says goes to the
core of the ARC philosophy: “We’re not drying
out drunks here. We’re treating persons who are using
alcohol as a coping mechanism. We must treat the emotional
needs.” It’s his contention that the majority
of Americans who drink are trying themselves to treat emotional
needs, using alcohol as a handy drug to deal with anxiety,
tension, fear, grief, depression, frustration, and inhibition.
“The term ‘social drinker’ is meaningless,”
he says. “If it has any validity at all, it describes
a minority of the people who use alcohol strictly at social
functions and at social functions alone. And in minimal
amounts of one to two drinks.” Statistics on drinking
vary, but these rounded-off figures will serve: 90 million
American adults drink; of these, 10 million are alcoholics
or bad-problem drinkers; that leaves 80 million who might
be considered social drinkers. That’s the figure Dr.
Desrosiers won’t accept. “It is far more likely
that the majority of persons who are not yet what we call
alcoholics, but who drink, are in reality not true social
drinkers but rather persons who use alcohol to treat their
underlying emotional disorders. It is this population from
which the alcoholic population is drawn, and which constitutes
a vast body of persons who adjust to life with the aid of
a chemical means.”
accept that--whether or not my friends will (about me or
about themselves)--and put myself in that group. Not that
when I drank my first beer as an eighteen-year-old Marine,
standing beside Frank Dassori at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina,
I thought, Well, Bill, you’re joining the chemical-means
group. And I wouldn’t have put up with that kind of
pseudo-psychological junk for a minute if an employer or
a fellow next to me in a bar had raised the point during
the following twenty-odd years. I was a boy wonder, breaking
the newspaper business wide-open, and I liked to drink whiskey.
I could drink more than almost anyone else, and my work
never suffered. If anything, it got better. Yes, indeed.
back at it, I believe I understand some of what was happening.
I was doing my work well, but I seldom felt at ease, inside
or outside of the newspaper. Whiskey brought ease, at least
some. I drank, and I continued to work well. For a long
Camp Lejeune to Butner, twenty-seven years, my career as
a drinker-newspaperman was this: Attending college after
World War II, I went for long periods without even thinking
about whiskey. But on occasion I drank a great deal, the
occasion being a midwinter dance or a mock trial in which
a student was sentenced to be hanged. (A law student loosened
the bathrobe cord before the boy was strangled.) I wrote
steadily for newspapers, covering sports events during the
college year and working full-time during the summer. I
was able to do that because I had got off to a good start
in the newspaper business as a seventeen-year-old high school
senior. I was not concerned about how real my talents were,
and certainly not concerned about whiskey ever becoming
a problem. That pattern held true for several years after
college, but in Richmond, Virginia, I began to feel an uneasiness.
I recall a night driving fast through a countryside, close
on deadline, going to cover a triple murder fifty miles
away, and thinking for an instant, If I hit that bridge
abutment I won’t have to cover it. That didn’t
make sense: I was being acclaimed in that city, and I could
read my stories and tell that they were good. It had begun,
an almost mystical process in which I would always succeed,
but at terrible cost--seeing the success but
wondering how I had brought it about, wondering if I could
do it again. But I never went to my apartment and thought,
I’ve got to have a drink. A fifth of bourbon would
last for weeks. My work and life at Newsday on Long Island
were much as they has been in Richmond. At least for many
years. I succeeded: chief copy editor, day news editor,
city editor, assistant managing editor, managing editor,
editor. I felt many days and nights, though, as if I were
doing it all with mirrors: not using the real skills of
a professional but skills less concrete, even less admirable,
perhaps little more than the native cunning and charm of
a Southerner who could praise, humor, pamper, and reason
men and women above and beneath him into doing, finally,
what he wanted done. I rarely “ordered” anyone
to do anything. And I rarely made it known when anyone--again,
above or beneath me--hurt me or caused me difficulty with
a thoughtless act. I told myself that I acted this way because
it was effective and because I was a good-natured person.
For at least ten years, I did not drink much each day. I
would have a cocktail, maybe two, before meals. But on occasion,
as in college, I would drink for hours, great amounts, the
“occasion” being either business or social.
It might be a dinner meeting with other editors to work
out a tough problem or make some great change at Newsday.
Or it might be an editors’ convention in San Francisco
or Washington, where I had Bloody Marys at breakfast, cocktails
throughout the day, and whiskey, gin, or vodka far into
the night. Always, I behaved well, was articulate (more
articulate, actually, than when I was sober), and recalled
the next day precisely what had
been said and done, by myself and anyone around me. Maybe
if I had got sick or done something really stupid during
those years, I would have become alarmed. I didn’t.
I went on drinking, gradually more because it was accepted
on my newspaper, remaining the man who could hold whiskey,
a good-natured editor who didn’t rebuke anyone--but
wishing, too, that I had rebuked someone, this thought coming
as I drove twenty miles at night to my home, wishing I had
said to a news editor: Look, you’re getting paid to
do your job the same way I’m getting paid to do mine.
Don’t sit there like a kid resisting everything in
sight. I told you to quit jumping so many stories, and I
goddamn well expect you to do it. But I never said that.
The next day there would be five jumps (continued stories)
when I had wanted no more than two. I had a refrigerator
put into my office, would play tennis at lunchtime, come
back and eat a can of cold tuna fish and drink vodka and
tonic. I would lay off the vodka for a few hours and start
again, shortly before the 7 P.M. new conference in my office.
Later, I quit laying off the couple of hours; I would begin
after tennis, drink through the news conference, and then
sit and drink awhile,
before I began my ride home.
Moyers, then publisher of Newsday, spoke to me about drinking
so much--gently at first, sometimes in a kidding way, but
later in a more concerned fashion. I paid little attention
to him, thinking that he simply had been around more conventional
people during his years as Press Secretary and Special Assistant
to President Johnson. I felt Bill would have to accept my
drinking and my brilliance; I had helped make Newsday one
of the finest newspapers in the world, and I had done it
while drinking. I believe now--but didn’t then--that
I was becoming paralyzed in my job, a drunk figurehead who
no longer was making great contributions to the newspaper.
Gradually, though, that fear was creeping into my mind.
I would entertain it long enough to feel concern, remorse,
depression--then reject it with great resentment. The hell
with Bill Moyers and anybody else who thinks I’m still
not one of the two or three best newspaper editors in the
United States. But I was frightened, also growing tired
of the struggle, and I grasped at the opportunity when Bill
arranged what amounted to an ultra-white-collar firing:
my becoming writer-in-residence at Wake Forest University
on full salary. My year there (1970-1971) turned out no
better than the latter days at Newsday. I drank steadily,
beginning most days when I awoke around noon, made false
starts on two novels, and succeeded in writing an Esquire
article only because it was write it or admit total collapse.
That--and the great concern of Esquire’s editor, Harold
Hayes, who worked more carefully with me than any editor
should ever have to with a professional writer. I was at
the end of the string. I would wake up in the morning shivering
and sweating, frightened, knowing where my life was headed.
I would drink to ease those terrible feelings, never totally,
and begin the next day the same way. Except when asleep,
I could not go an hour without drinking. My clothes had
been outgrown because of fat; I had hit myself in the forehead
twice with a steel racket, playing tennis while drunk; I
was accomplishing nothing as a writer. At forty-five, my
life had become worthless.
came to Butner to see if I could turn it all around.
not drinking for a few days helped. The remorse and depression
eased, and I was able to think more clearly. For the first
time in many years, I was engaged in an honest effort to
help myself, and that produced a euphoric effect. I was
in a good frame of mind, then, to receive anything that
Butner could give.
most important thing that I have come to accept is that
quitting drinking is not enough. The ARC regards abstention
as a minimum requirement. A patient also must learn new
ways of behavior. That point is made again and again in
group therapy sessions; often it deals with a chronic failing
of many alcoholics: lack of assertiveness.
of us must learn to express anger.” Weldon Bayliss,
our counselor, said one morning recently. “If we don’t,
the anger comes out in some other form. Like depression.
Some morning you feel extreme depression and you don’t
know why . . . but if you think back, you may find that
a couple days before, you didn’t stand up for your
of us conceded that we hadn’t enjoyed much middle
ground--it was almost say nothing
or fight. “I broke a cop’s jaw with a hammer
once,” Coley Thompson said. “Another time, I
drove my arm through a window.” He showed the scars.
“I just couldn’t say anything when somebody
made me mad.”
it,” Bayliss said. “And you probably wouldn’t
have anything wrong with your stomach
today [Coley has had much of his stomach removed] if you
had been able to express anger.”
turned to Mr. Wellington, the church deacon and “secret
drinker.” “You seem like a passive man, Mr.
yes, sir,” Mr. Wellington said. “I am.”
people been pushing you around all your life, Mr. Wellington?”
sir,” Mr. Wellington said. “You could say that,
got to stop,” Bayliss said.
Wellington said that his married daughter often dropped
her children off at his house, and they messed up the place.
It bothered him.
you speak to her about it?” Bayliss asked.
. . . I didn’t. She has a terrible temper, and she
doesn’t like anyone to tell her what to do. But I
spoke to my wife.”
told Mr. Wellington that he must speak to his daughter--realizing
that in the past I, too, might have let it slide by.
you feel you’re being used?” Bayliss asked
a certain extent, yes.”
you feel inadequate to handle things?” Bayliss asked.
“Here’s a social situation that screams for
action. Do you feel you can’t handle it?”
I guess so.”
anybody listen to you, Mr. Wellington? You’ve been
pushed around, haven’t you? You’ve tried appeasement,
and that doesn’t work. You wind up with resentment
and depression, and you get drunk. You’ve got to experiment
with new methods. So you bungle things--it’s not the
end of the world. Try something new.”
all of our group therapy sessions explode with sudden insights
and wisdom, the way they do on television. But there is
a cumulative effect, a good one, as we discuss our own lives
and listen to other alcoholics discuss theirs. Certainly
in my own case it has been helpful to be around Mr. Wellington.
I see clearly the similarities in our behavior, even if
his unassertiveness is far more pronounced than my own.
At first, I was reluctant to admit that; it was not to my
taste to sit in a room and tell six persons that I was a
lot like poor, gentle, broken Mr. Wellington. Or like Coley
Thompson. Or Tip Watson, who jokes all the time. But I said
have made progress, and I believe that I will be able to
live happily without drinking. The statistics on alcoholism,
however, are grim. A counselor, discussing my chances of
success, put it this way: of three patients who leave Butner,
two fail and must return. He said a patient’s chances
increased sharply if he became actively involved with Alcoholics
Anonymous after leaving here.
own dislike of meetings in general would lead me not to
join AA, but I do know that its work is sound. At a meeting
last Friday night, a speaker made a point that I won’t
forget. He was a tanned, handsome man who is a dispatcher
for a trucking company. “Maybe I can save some of
you some time,” he said. “If you’re wondering
whether you’ll ever be able to drink again, don’t
bother. You can’t. Do you know what one of the greatest
dangers is? You leave here, and you get along just fine.
I did for three years. You start saying to yourself, ‘Maybe
I never was an alcoholic after all. I never did drink all
that weird stuff that those real alcoholics did.’
You think you can drink again--and this time control it.
You can’t. I tried it.”
believe that if I hadn’t heard that man, I may have
come to feel exactly as he did-and tried it. Quite likely,
as he said, he saved me some time.
Bayliss has told me that I can leave tomorrow. Actually,
a patient is free to leave when he chooses, unless he has
been committed to the ARC under court order (a minority).
Some patients get homesick or troubled by business affairs
and just pack up and go. But the accepted procedure is for
the group counselor to approve a patient’s departure.
The counselor and patient agree on a date, hold a final
conference, and the counselor fills out a report for Dr.
Desrosiers, offering an opinion on how he thinks the patient
will get along. I went this afternoon to see Bayliss for
our final conference.
tell you what I’m going to say about you in the report,”
Bayliss said. “You’re highly motivated, highly
intelligent. I would say your chances of not drinking are
quite good. But you’ve got a tough row to hoe; no
job, personal problems, possible depression if your writing
doesn’t go well.”
thanked him and told him that I had enjoyed the days I had
spent in his group.
I was about to leave, he said, ‘There’s something
you hear around AA--that you have to put sobriety ahead
of everything. Everything. Family, job, everything. If that
sounds selfish, what it means is that AA men have learned
that if they lose sobriety, they, in time, will lose everything.”
Wellington and Luther Moore, a quiet sawmill worker, will
leave with me tomorrow. Neither has a car here. I will drop
them off at their homes and go to Virginia, where I will
get a solid first taste of what it’s like to be in
a room with everyone drinking whiskey except me. That experience
will come when I speak to publishers of a newspaper chain
and then, a week later, to editors of the same chain. I
have been to many newspaper gatherings, and none was dry.
Virginia meetings will mark the first time in four or five
years that I have spoken while totally sober. Not long before
I left New York, I interviewed a black activist on television
after drinking six martinis. I’m not proud of it;
it’s just a fact. Now, I'll have to see how well I
can do business without gin.
Luther Moore, Mr. Wellington, and I stood together this
afternoon, talking, I wondered how each of us would fare.
I recalled the statistics: of three men who leave Butner,
two fail and must return. One succeeds. To myself, I wished
us all luck, but if numbers dog us, I want to be the one
Beach, North Carolina
has been seventy-three days since I drove west on Interstate
40, taking Luther Moore and Mr. Wellington home. All the
days have interested me. The two newspaper gatherings in
Virginia went well. I arrived at the first one during the
cocktail hour, necessitating an explanation, it seemed to
me, of why I did not have on a necktie or suit and why I
wanted only a Sprite. I had just got out of Butner, I said,
a center for alcoholics. No one seemed to care much, one
way or the other, except the owner of the chain of newspapers.
He stayed to drink with me, having five ginger ales and
explaining that it had been almost a year since he got out
of a private clinic in Tennessee. “You’ll find
that you drink a hell of a lot of ginger ale,” he
after the Virginia trip, I went to a party attended largely
by young Marine Corps fliers. The room was dark except for
flashing lights and psychedelic posters; hard rock filled
the room like layers of wool rug. The men, if not all handsome,
were well built, the women young and pretty. Cold Duck was
pressed towards me, and a pilot, drunk, not truculent but
puzzled, shouted above the stereo that he didn’t quite
understand this business of being an alcoholic. Was I trying
to cut back, lay off a while, or what? Wine’s OK,
isn’t it? And why had I settled into this godforsaken
place? (I’m living now at Atlantic Beach, North Carolina,
writing a book.) There’s no future for the whole Southeast,
he said. Dead. Backward. California’s the place.
felt at ease all evening.
week later, I went to a “gourmet dinner,” as
it was described--gin and tonics, cucumber salad, red wine
and sauerbraten, followed by cigars and cognac. Spending
evenings that way, without drinking, there might be a danger,
I suppose, of becoming overconfident. But I keep in mind
the AA speaker who cautioned against ever thinking, Well,
maybe I wasn’t a real alcoholic, maybe I can drink
beach is a pleasant place to work and live. I write seven
days a week, and I feel that -it’s going well. I swim,
play tennis, fish, crab, and dig clams. Each day I do one
of those things, even in rainstorms. I feel good and I don’t
Atlantic Monthly, January 1972)